07 March 2015

International Women’s Day


8 March – International Women’s Day


International Women's Day (IWD), also called International Working Women's Day, is celebrated on March 8 every year. In different regions the focus of the celebrations ranges from general celebration of respect, appreciation and love towards women to a celebration for women's economic, political, and social achievements.

In 2015, International Women’s Day, celebrated globally on 8 March, will highlight the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, a historic roadmap signed by 189 governments 20 years ago that sets the agenda for realizing women’s rights. While there have been many achievements since then, many serious gaps remain.

This is the time to uphold women’s achievements, recognize challenges, and focus greater attention on women’s rights and gender equality to mobilize all people to do their part. The Beijing Platform for Action focuses on 12 critical areas of concern, and envisions a world where each woman and girl can exercise her choices, such as participating in politics, getting an education, having an income, and living in societies free from violence and discrimination.

To this end, the theme of this year’s International Women’s Day is the clarion call of UN Women’s Beijing+20 campaign “Empowering Women, Empowering Humanity: Picture it!” Join governments and activists across the world in commemorating the ground-breaking Conference of 1995. We celebrate the many achievements that have come since then and galvanize action to address the gaps that still remain in making gender equality a reality.



Unique stamp for International Women’s Day

To mark International Women’s Day on March 8, 2014, bpost released a  stamp. This very special stamp shows the face of a young lady, depicted in no less than 606 words.


When Belgian Post Group (bpost) released a stamp honoring International Women’s Day on March 8, 2014, it also earned itself a Guinness World Record.


The stamp depicts the face of a young lady and a background—formed out of 606 complete words.

The Guinness World Records entry (click HERE) says: “The most words on a postage stamp is 606 words in four languages taken from the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).”

The stamp is non denominated. The numeral “1” in a circle and the word “world” indicate that it pays the international rate for letters weighing up to 50 grams.


 image - Compiled  by Dr Sumitra Arya







a Hindu mystic poet and devotee of Krishna. She was one of the most significant Sants ("true" or "saints") of the Vaishnava bhakti movement. Some 1,300 pads (poems) commonly known as bhajans (sacred songs) are attributed to her.


Centenary of India`s 1st War of Independence-(1857-1957)

Rani Lakshmi Bai (1828-1858) an expert in warfare, fought against the British.


Madam Bhikaiji Cama

(1861-1936)A Parsi, known as Mother of Indian Revolution, took an active role in Freedom Struggle. She unfurled Indian National Flag with Vande Mataram in Germany for the 1st time in a foreign soil.


Ramabai Ranade

(1862-1924)Puna.Married Madhav Govind Ranade, a Social Reformer, who gave her Education. She worked for Women`s cause, founded Seva Sadan. She was a volunteer visitor to central prison, lunatic asylum of Yerawada & met Women prisoners.


Dr(Mrs.)Annie Besant

(1847-1933)UK-Irish by birth English by manner & Indian by adoption, she came to India in 1893, worked for Education, Socialism, Trade Unionism, Rights off Working Women. Founded India Home Rule League-1916. Cover shows-Theosophical Building, Madras


Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt

15th Anniversary of the Universal of Human Rights.


Sarojini Naidu

(1879-1949)Hyderabad, AP.Known as Nightingale of India (as her lyrics had a quality of Bird song) a great Poet & good Orator.


Kasturba Gandhi

(1869-1944)Porbander, Gujarat.She stood by her husband Mahatma Gandhi through out.


Definitive Series

Tea plucking-Rural Female Workforce in Agriculture, Industries is 90% of total Female labor. In Farming around 60%, 1991 World Bank reports that Women accounted 94% of total employees in Dairy production in India.51% of total work in Forest based Small Scale Industries.Mahila Lijjat another example.

Urban Female workforce-30% in Software.


Sister Nivedita

(1867-1911)Ireland, inspired by Swami Vivekananda, came to India, adopted Indian custom, worked for women`s Education


Marie Curie

(1867-1934)Poland, Great Scientist, discovered Radium & Radioactivity ,got Noble Prize twice


Dr.Maria Montessori

(1870-1952)International Education Year-1970.Non-Violence towards the child is the basis & the path of Education as a help to life.


Kamala Nehru

(1899-1936)Delhi. She married J.L.Nehru& was a moral support to him. Inspired by Gandhiji she took an active role in Freedom Struggle. Cover depicts Kamala Nehru Hospital inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on 28.2.1941.


International Women`s Year

UN General assembly-Theme:

Equality, Development & Peace


Personalities-Ahilya Bai Holker

(1725-1795)Maharashtra-A good ruler & Administrator, developed Textile Industry in Maheshwar


Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

(1904-1948)Allahabad, UP-an aggressive Hindi Poetess with patriotic fire of Joan of Arc & lyricism of Meera.Married Thakur Laxman Singh, joined vNon-Cooperation Movement. She was the 1st Woman Satyagrahi to be arrested.


SNDT Women University,


Dr.Dhondo Keshav Karve started it in 1916, later funded & expanded in1920 by Sir Vithaldas Thackersey, in the memory of his mother, then the University came to be known as Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Indian Women's University.


The Mother

(1878-1973)Paris-spiritually inclined, she worked with Sri Aurobindo in 1904 at Auroville, Pondicherry.

Cover depicts the Symbol of the Mother


Modern Indian Paintings

Amrita Sher Gill-(1913-1941)


Welthy Housinger Fisher

(1879-1980)USA-melodious Opera Singer, came to India met Gandhi & Tagore, started Adult Education in Rural India & built Saksharata Niketan.


Helen Keller

(1880-1968)USA,was deaf,blind,mute,wrote autobiography-The Story of my life,contributed immensely to the society through her lectures, books


Mother Teresa

(1910-)Yugoslavia. Came to India in 1929 as a Teacher, founded Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta in 1950, and dedicated her life to serve Leprosy patients, orphans, elderly & handicapped with Love. She was the 1st Indian Woman to get Noble Peace Prize.


6th Definitive Series

Rubber Tapping


6th Definitive Series



Durgabai Deshmukh

(1909-1981)Kakinada, AP.Known as Mother of Social Work, she founded Andhra Mahila Sabha in Madras in 1937, which runs Hospitals, Colleges& Schools.

Cover depicts Literacy House Auditorium, Hyderabad.


Meera Behn

(Madeleine Slade)

(1892-1982)England. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi, she dedicated her life to India`s Freedom Struggle. Cover shows Gowali Tank maidan, Bombay -9.8.1942.


Indira Gandhi

(1917-1984)Allahabad. She joined Freedom Struggle at an early age, became PM in 1966 & 1980.

Let us not shed Blood, let us shed Hatred.


Indira Gandhi

Crusader for World Peace


Nellie Sen Gupta

(1886-1973)England-married jatindra Mohan Sen Gupta in 1909 came to Chittagong joined Freedom Struggle & died in Calcutta.


Indira Gandhi

(1917-1984) In the Service of the Nation.


Indira Gandhi. Priyadarshini

(1917-1984)Cover depicts Indira Gandhi with folk singers from Rajasthan


Shree Shree Ma Anandamayee

(1896-1892)Bengal-widely travelled & led a Spiritual life


Rukmini Devi

(1904-1986)TN-influenced by Theosophical Society & Russian Ballerina-Anna Pavlova she learnt Bharatanatyam & established Kalakshetra in 1936, had multifaceted contributions earned many awards.


Rani Avanti Bai

Ramgarh, MP, fought the British in 1857 & became a martyr in 1858.


First War of Independence

-Rani Lakshmi Bai(1828-1858)an expert warrior

-Begum Hazrat Mahal-wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Lucknow,fought the British & died in Nepal-1879


Rani Durgavati

A warrior from Chandela dynasty, propagated development ,Education, fought Mughals & became a martyr in Jabalpur


Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

(1889-1964)Kapurthala.1st Woman to hold Cabinet post of Minister of Health from 1947 to 1957.She was the founder member of All India Women`s Conference. She launched AIIMS, New Delhi. She also encouraged Sports.


Pandita Ramabai

(1858-1920)-Maharashtra-Sanskrit Scholar, knew 7 languages, rebelled caste system, worked for Women`s Education, built Sharada Sadan in 1889(seen in FDC)


Care for The Girl Child

International Women`s Year & Women`s Decade (1976-1985) sensitizing the World for Gender Non-Discrimination, Equality & Women`s contribution to Progress.


Mahadevi Verma

(1907-1987)Farrukhabad, UP-contributed to Hindi Literature, one of the founders off women`s Education in UP& voiced her concerns for Women.


Kamladevi Chattopadhyaya

(1903-1988)Mangalore, Karnataka.A Social Reformer, Great Freedom Fighter, worked for upliftment of Women & Cooperative Movement & established Crafts Council.


Sisters of Jesus & Mary-150yrs

(1842-1992)France-Claudine Thevenet-CJM


Nargis Dutt

(Fatima Rashid)

(1929-1981) known as Lady in White & for her film Mother India, was an actress par excellence. She reached Army Jawans through

Ajanta Touring Troupe. She started a Spastic Society in 1972.A Cancer Hospital has been built in her name.


Rani Rashmoni

(1793-1861)West Bengal-fought the British & did lot of philanthropic activities.


India`s Struggle for Freedom

Begum Hazrat Mahal- wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah of Lucknow,fought the British & died in Nepal-1879


Kasturba Trust

(1869-1944)Tribute to Ba.


Sister Alphonsa

(1910-1946)Kerala-1st Woman Saint from India.


Ahilyabai Holkar

(1725-1795)Maharashtra-ruled her state, developed Textile Industry at Maheswar, built Temples/Ghats.


Rani Gaidinliu

(1915-1993)Manipur-inspired by Gandhiji ,a Freedom fighter, Political Leader, Social Reformer & the the only Woman Freedom Fighter to spend 15yrs in British Jails & was awarded Tamrapatra & Padmabhushan


Thirumathi Rukmini Lakshmipathi

(1892-1951)Madurai,TN. A freedom fighter worked for women`s cause & Education


Rural Indian Women



Savitribai Phule

(1831-1897)Maharastra.Fought for women`s Rights, Education, Widow Remarriage, removal of Untouchability


Aruna Asaf Ali

(1909-1996)Haryana. A Great Freedom Fighter.


Indian Women in Aviation


Indraprastha College for Women

(1924-1999)Platinum Jubilee.

Motto-Truth, Love, Knowledge, Service.


Bethune Collegiate School, Calcutta

(1849-1999)1st recognized Government Institution for the Education of Girls in Bengal, founded by John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune in 1849-made Asoka tree as a symbol of Female Education in India.1st Lady Doctor of Bengal Kadambini Ganguly, 1st Lady Graduate Chandramukhi Bose are from this college.



(1598-1674)Maharastra.Mother of Shivaji, symbol of Motherhood& inspired Shivaji to fight his rivals.

Cover depicts Samadhisthan of Jijabai


Arati Gupta Saha

(1940-1994)West Bengal-1st Woman in Asia to swim The English Channel in 1959 covering 42miles in 16hrs 20minutes.A Pioneer in Aquatics, she started swimming at the age of 4years.


Dr.Ida Sophia Scudder

(1870-1960) Founder of Christian Medical College & Hospital, Vellore-(1900-2000)


Great Leaders:

Social & Political

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit-(1900-1990) younger sister of Nehru, 1st Woman President of UN General assembly (1953-54) took active role in freedom struggle.

Cover portrays Women Empowerment.


Jhalkari Bai

Fought the British in 1857,she is alive in the folklore of Bundelkhand(Jhansi)


Rani Avanti Bai

Queen of Ramgarh, fought against British in 1857& became a martyr on 20.3.1858.


Marie Curie

(1867-1934) discovered Radium & Radio activity, used for Cancer Treatment.


Vijaya Raje Scindia

(1919-2001) worked for social/political causes/ upliftment of Women, weaker sections & for Education.


Chandraprabha Saikiani

(1901-1972)Assam-Personalities-Social Reformers. Fought for Women`s cause & their Education. Known for her Poetry & Novels.


Kanika Bandopadhyay

(1924-2000)West Bengal-Exponent of Rabindra Sangeet & Classical Music learnt under Rabindranath Tagore at Shyamala, Shantiniketan .A great Singer, Teacher, Writer, and Social-Worker & Artist she worked for AIR.


Handicrafts of India


Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar

Matangini Hazra. (1869-1982)West Bengal. A great Freedom Fighter & became a Martyr. Cover depicts `Biplabi’ official News Letter of 26.1.1943 announcing the beginning of Administrative role of Jatiya.


Mukta Bai

(1279-1299)Maharastra.Poet Saint, conveyed spiritual message to common people through universal love. Abhang was her meter.


Allah Jilai Bai

(1902-)Bikaner, Rajasthan-born in a family of Musicians, she sang in the court of Maharaja Ganga Singh .At 8yrs of age,learnt Dadra, Thumri & Dance under Ustad Husain Baksh.


Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

(1904-1948)UP.Agreesive, Hindi Poetess with with Patriotic fire.


Ashoka Chakra Winners

Neerja Bhanot (1963-1986) Chandigarh-awarded Asoka Chakra for Bravery-She fought hijackers & laid down her life. She is the only Indian to have conferred with heroism Award of The Flight Safety Foundation.



(1904-1984)-joined Quit India Movement & setting up Gandhigram, she built Sowbhagya Illam & Sevikashrams in villages. A Pioneer of Women`s early campaigners for liberating Women from Illiteracy, Social Injustice & Inequality.


Newborn Health in India



(1916-2004)Madurai, Tamil Nadu-her guru was her mother Mrs.Shanmukhavadivu, an eminent Veena Artist. She started singing at the age of 13yrs, learnt Carnatic Vocal & performed in AIR. She was the Cultural Ambassador of India. Nehru named her as Queen of Songs.


Indraprastha Girl`s School

1904-1st Girls School in Delhi inspired by Dr Annie Besant


Women`s Day

International Women`s Day is celebrated globally for the glory of Women`s Economic, Political &Social achievement. Right to Equality & Non-discrimination are justifiable fundamental rights under Indian Constitution. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence (October 2005) is the 1st of its kind.


Mehboob Khan

Made women oriented epic films like Mother India, remake of film Aurat & a tribute to Indian Womanhood



(Mumtaz Begum Jehan Dehlavi)

(1933-1969)-known as Venus of Indian Cinema, had a mass magnetic appeal. She started acting at 9yrs of age, noted by Devika Rani Roerich & named her Madhubala.

She married Kishore Kumar in 1960.


Joachim & Violet Alva

(1908-1969)Ahmedabad-1st woman Lawyer to appear in front of Bombay High court to defend her husband, ,Journalist, Freedom Fighter


Indira Gandhi : Builders of Modern India

10th Definitive Series.


Thillaiyadi Valliyammai

(1898-1914)Johannesburg, inspired by Gandhiji she active role in the Freedom Struggle


Rani Velu Nachchiyar

(1750-1796)TN-knew 6 languages, well versed in literature & Warfare, fought British withvalour.


National Girl Child Day

On 24th January


Mother Teresa

Builders of Modern India-10th Definitive.


Dr.Dineshnandini Dalmia

(1928-2006)Udaipur, Rajasthan-Firebrand Author & Poet, 1st Indian Woman to write confessional Poetry & 1st Woman Post-Graduate of Rajasthan. She rebelled Purdah System & fought Gender bias.


Jeanne Jugan

(1792-1952)France-(Sister Mary of the Cross) Little Sisters of the Poor-Religious order was founded in 1839.They have 13 homes for aged for free.


Kranti Trivedi

(1930-2009)Raipur,Chhattisgarh,wrote in Hindi on Women issues, wrote books & manuscripts


-Thanjavuru Balasaraswathi

-Veenai Dhanammal

-TB-(1918-1984) was born in a family of Musicians. Awarded Sangeet Natak academy, Padma Bhushan & Sangeet Kalanidhi.

-VD-(1867-1938)Chennai-born in a family of Musicians & Dancers,learnt Veena & Vocal,Padas,Jhavalis were her forte, career spanned over 60yrs


Mary Ward

(1585-1645)Roman Catholic Nun from Yorkshire. worked for Women`s Education, came to India in 1842-Loreto Institutions


Legendary Heroines of India

-Kanan Devi-Actress & Singer(Bengali Style) wrote autobiography Sabare ami nomi(1973)

-Meena Kumari-born in Bombay, married Kamal Amrohi wrote Urdu poetry under pen name-Naaz, some of it was compiled by Gulzar.


-Leela Naidu-born in Bombay, Femina Ms India-1954, featured in Vogue as top 10 most beautiful women in world.

-Savitri-Tamil,Telugu Actress & Director, born in Guntur,AP,learnt Music & Dance ,married Gemini Ganesan

-Devika Rani-Grand niece of Tagore, studied Arts at Royal Academy of Music, London ,held a degree in Architecture, married Himansu Rai in 1929.after death of Rai in 1940,she married Russian Painter Svetoslav Roerich.


Subhadra Joshi

(1919-2003)Sialkot, Pakistan-Active during freedom struggle, inspired by Gandhiji, was a Parliamentarian for 4 terms, pioneered various schemes for poor & women upliftment, Delhi Mahila Samaj Trust to help destitute. Herr stress was on Communal Harmony & National Integration.


Umrao Kunwarji-Archana

(1922-2009)Rajasthan. Propagated Jainism.

Wrote books, built Hospitals, Library & Welfare centers


The Trained Nurses Association of India

(1908-2011)Hundred years of caring.


Isabella Thoburn College,Lucknow-

125 years.

Founded by Ms.Isabella Thoburn,American Missionary to serve women in India, in 1870.it inculcates 10 charecteristics-Health,Honesty, Dependability, Scholarliness, Broadmindedness, courtesy,Poise,Loyalty,Spirituality,& Service.


-D. Krishnaswamy Pattammal

-Gangubai Hangal

-DKP (1919-2009) TN-started learning Music at the age of 4 & was the 1st Brahmin Woman to sing on stage. She entered the male domain by singing Ragam-Talam-Pallavi.She is the 1st Carnatic Singer & the only one to have given concerts for 75 yrs.She was awarded Sangeet Natak Academy Fellowship, Padma Bhushan & Padma Vibhushan.

-GH(1913-2009)Dharwad,Karnataka-She was initiated into Music by her mother Ambabai an eminent Carnatic Singer &sang welcome song at age of 11yrs in the Congress Session in front of Gandhi,Nehru,Sarojini Naidu & Abul Kalam Azad.She was awardedTansen Award,Padma Bhushan & Padma Vibhushan.

Geeta Dutt
Prominent singer in India, born in Faridpur before the Partition of India. She found particular prominence as a playback singer in Hindi cinema. She also sang many modern Bengali songs..


Geeta Dutt

Ruby Myers (Sulochana)
An Indian silent film star of Jewish ancestry, hailing from the community of Baghdadi Jews


Ruby Myers

Durga Khote
An Indian actress, starting as one of the foremost leading ladies of her times, she remained active in Hindi and Marathi cinema, as well as theatre, for over 50 years, starring in around 200 films and numerous theatre productions.


Durga Khote

(Paluvayi Bhanumathi Ramakrishna)
A multilingual Indian film actress, director, music director, singer, producer, book writer and songs writer. Most of her works are in Telugu and Tamil languages.



(Suraiya Jamaal Sheikh) (1929-2004)
A singer and actress in Indian films in the 40s and 50s.



Smita Patil
An Indian actress of film, television and theatre. Regarded among the finest stage and film actresses of her times, Patil appeared in over 80 Hindi and Marathi films in a career that spanned just over a decade.


Smita Patil

Gangubai Hangal (1913-2009)
She was initiated into Music by her mother Ambabai an eminent Carnatic Singer &sang welcome song at age of 11yrs in the Congress Session in front of Gandhi, Nehru,Sarojini Naidu & Abdul Kalam Azad. She was awarded Tansen Award,Padma Bhushan & Padma Vibhushan.


Gangubai Hangal

D. Krishnaswamy Pattammal (1919-2009)
Started learning Music at the age of 4 & was the 1st Brahmin Woman to sing on stage. She entered the male domain by singing Ragam-Talam-Pallavi. She was the 1st Carnatic Singer & the only one to have given concerts for 75 yrs. She was awarded Sangeet Natak Academy Fellowship, Padma Bhushan & Padma Vibhushan.


D. Krishnaswamy Pattammal

100 Years of Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba's Return from South Africa to India



Save Girl Child, Educate Girl Child
A Government of India scheme that aims to generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women


Save Girl Child, Educate Girl Child


Plz view revised list with stamp images : 

Stamps commemorating the journey of Indian women

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