Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival celebrated in India, Nepal and parts of Bangladesh in various cultural forms. In Punjab it is celebrated as Lohri,In Assam as Bihu and in Tamil Nadu as Pongal. It is one of the most auspicious days for Hindus all over India and in other countries.. Makar Sankranti is a festival of the harvest season when the Sun enters the Tropic of Capricorn or 'Makar'. It usually coincides with 14th or 15th of January every year corresponding to the month of 'Magh' according to the Hindu solar calendar.
Pongal - The harvest festival
Pongal is a four-days-long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. For as long as people have been planting and gathering food, there has been some form of harvest festival. Pongal, one of the most important popular Hindu festivals of the year. This four-day festival of thanksgiving to nature takes its name from the Tamil word meaning "to boil" and is held in the month of Thai (January-February) during the season when rice and other cereals, sugar-cane, and turmeric (an essential ingredient in Tamil cooking) are harvested.